Here are a few Important Ideas to Write Dissertation Proposal.

The dissertation proposal has to be exceptional, also it will function as the base of your research to offer about the best way to plan for the final project you help. In addition, you must describe your data to gather and examine. It is because you might need to modify your dissertation subject a bit through the research procedure. Of writing a dissertation proposal, the main goal will be to allow you to comprehend the length of your essay.
After picking out a theme, you need to make sure that the preferred subject is narrow enough to be concluded till your final class in addition to related for your study area. Solve and your dissertation proposal must describe both these matters. Coaches and your associations is likewise ensured which you need to be supplied guidance and help in finishing your dissertation work in perfect way.



Narrow down your subject of dissertation proposal:
It’s of critical significance that while drafting your dissertation proposal, you certainly will narrow it down to have the ability to present clear and concise thought about your objectives and aim to conduct research concerning the subject, and are substantially clear about your problem. The dissertation proposal duration must not be greater than 1500-2500 words. The various academic degree could have distinct conditions for proposal writing like the period of your writing, referencing and work styles etc.
What needs to be a part of a dissertation proposal and how to write a Dissertation Proposal?
The dissertation proposal must have many fundamental points despite its construction such as the literature review, goals and goals, the introduction, the methodology, as well as the constraints of the research project.
The introduction needs to characterize the fundamental research question as well as need to provide the history on the topic as well as this issue. In addition, it connects it contextually to the important issues relating to this issue.


Dissertation methodology:
It could be qualitative or quantitative. In addition you must describe what data and data analysis procedures you’re to use in your research work. Determined by what’s needed of theme and your theme, in addition, you must give the information on your chosen strategies to collect data.

Crisis Action Mod Apk V1.9.2– Here I will share you the new mod app version of Crisis Action. This is an Android action game, which is originally published and launched on Playstore. By having modded or modification file, it will be possible for you to get unlimited diamonds, ammo, and other interesting features. If you are interested in downloading this latest version file, you can go through download link in the below of this page. For you who hasn’t ever played this game before, you can read the game overview.

Crisis Action is one of the best shooter games android developed by HERO game. In this game, you will play as an elite force that can fight in real time. Crisis Action gameplay is similar to the existing counter strike game on the PC, so it’s you who can play counter strike will not be confused for playing Crisis Action on Android. The more interesting of this game is its multiplayer feature, with this feature you can make the team with your friends and do battle in Rael time online. Like the previous games you, the admin share Crisis Action is a modified version. That way you will get additional features like unlimited ammo, no reload, and much more. Okay you, for you are interested in trying this exciting game, you can directly download the latest Crisis Action through a link that has admin share.

Crisis Action-FPS eSports Apk v2.0 Mod (Unlimited Diamonds).

  • Real-time 3D multiplayer FPS eSports game is coming!
    FPS fans, Gun enthusiasts, shooting game fanatics, the moment you have been waiting for has finally arrived!
    In Crisis Action Cheats, you can create your team and play with your friends just like Counter Strike on multi-platforms for FREE now! From the Desert Eagle to AK47 and AWP sniper, you have access to a variety of light and heavy weapons, and even grenade! Answer the call of duty, pick up the weapons and fight alongside with your friends!
    3D First Person Shooting eSports.
    Real-time Online Multiplayer Mode.
    Superior Graphics, Impactful Environments and Multiple Maps.
    Realistic Combat Experience, Rich Combat Action and Combat Sound.
    Smooth and Responsive Customizable Touch Controls.
    Powerful Social System.
     Powerful weaponry at your command:
    Knives, Pistol (Desert Eagle), Assault Rifles (AK-47/ M4A1), Sniper Rifle (AWP), Grenades (Grenade, Flash Grenade) + more to come!
    Highly customizable controls.
    Dozens of pre-installed and downloadable unique maps.
    Highly detailed, AAA graphics.
    Dynamic music and voice.
    Gorgeous shooting effects.
    Realistic scenes.
    Single Player Mode: Player vs. Customizable Bots.
    Online multiplayer mode: Player vs. Other players in a cross-platform environment.
    Solo Battle.
    Team Death Match (TDM).
    Zombie Survival.
    1v1, 2v2, 3v3, 4v4.

Crisis Action is for all fans of action games, FPS games , war games, multiplayer games, online FPS games, and for all players who want to dominate the battlefield!

EA has released an iPhone and iPad version of their well-known SimCity under the name of SimCity BuildIt– a freemium technique to the great city building sim and a game that’s not at all as terrible as you might be tempted to think. We’re not here to praise the game– even though we do have some reasons– and instead we’re going to share with you some SimCity BuildIt cheats and tips to help you build the city of your dreams fast and without going mad. The complexity of the classic SimCity games is not here, and we do have some goodies and challenges to complete, so read on to know everything in our strategy guide filled with SimCity Build It tips and cheats.

1. Keep your buildings functioning:
No matter if we’re talking about factories or stores, you should keep them all manufacturing at all times. The factories produce the main goods, normally, while the more advanced buildings turn them into rarer materials and help you upgrade your residences to improve your city. It’s vital to keep them working at all times to be ready for quick deals or update that are needed to your homes.


2. Maintain an eye on the service guidelines:
You have a practically unlimited number of residences that you can build as long as you have the materials– and they are easy to get– but for your city to thrive, you need to provide your newly built houses with services. Keep an eye on the service demands by tapping any Service in the build menu (like Power), and then browse in the upper menu through the icons and see the requirements for each type of service. You always want your capacity to be equal or higher than the demand for your Sims to be happy.

3. Check out for offers:
Search for the coins icon that randomly turns up above some of your buildings and taps it– you will be given various types of deals, requiring various items for you and spending you with gold (Simoleons). Since getting more Simoleons is tough in this game, I would recommend taking all the deals that are provided to you because the components will be built back in time.

4. How to get update components:
Some of your buildings can be upgraded– like the City Storage, an incredibly important helpful part of your city. To get the materials you need, you should keep an eye on your residences and tap the icons that appear above them– a bubble will appear, telling you if they are happy or sad about something. You have to draw that bubble too, and you have a chance of getting a special item required for upgrading.

5. Arrange your city early on:
It’s true that you can move buildings over and change things as you feel free to, but a bit of preparation doesn’t hurt. In my opinion, I would suggest creating a commercial area and residential area and keep them far away from each other: the industrial area will be dirty and terrible to live in, so make sure that you always have a plan and don’t mix the household buildings with the ones that pollute the air.

6. Invest your Sim Cash carefully:
The first Sim Cash investment that I made was in an extra spot for the Building Supplies Store (just 4 Sim Cash), and it was a really wise move that I recommend to you too. You don’t need to pay Sim Cash to hurry to manufacture anywhere, so focus on increasing the ability of your Stores instead because the items manufactured there take the longest to make and are precious.

7. Your primary goal is to enlarge your population:
Success in SimCity BuildIt is determined in the number of the population your city has, and many cool things get opened when you get more. Make it your main goal to increase your city’s population as much as possible by building new residences and upgrading them. Supply services to your people, build parks to keep them happy and your town will be perfect. And don’t forget that the more satisfied your Sims are, the more coins you will collect per day from the City Hall!

No matter how old we are, how different we are, how unique we are, the thing that makes us special is that we always try to learn new things. Now lets see what learning actually means ‘Learning is a process of active engagement with experience.



It is what we do when we want to make sense of the world. It may involve the development or deepening of skills, knowledge, understanding, awareness, values, ideas and feelings, or an increase in the capacity to reflect. Effective learning leads to change, development and the desire to learn more.’

Some great people once said, “We never fall, it is the test we have to clear before running”. Same is with learning and development. There is always a room for perfection, even Dettol kills only 99.9% of germs, no one is 100%. We should try to become 100%, after all we make our own demons.

All of us can say that learning through our lives makes us generally healthier, more comfortable, longer-living and wealthier. Nearly we benefit as individuals, but learning beyond institution has wide ranging and immeasurable benefits for our families and communities, contemporary society and the economy.

In learning and developing new habits and skills, we must have hands on the leadership qualities. The term ‘bleeding edge administrator’ or ‘first-line director’ ordinarily alludes to the individuals who regulate and oversee representatives who themselves have no supervisory duties. Bleeding edge supervisors are regularly advanced from operational parts and won’t not have any formal administration training at the season of their arrangement.

Learning and Development


The case for lifelong learning is well established. Nevertheless relatively recent and major shifts in our world has made a chance to learn through our lives more importantly. Having the right attitudes, dispositions and skills for learning are significantly likely to define those of us who will get on in every area of your life.


Basically belonging to an Indian family and culture is fun as you can have a variety of food in your home. Well it is obvious that family have a strong importance in life and obviously behavior. We as Indians are very much fond of some common things i.e Stlye, Comfort, Jugaad, Bollywood and the love for food!
Food is our top most priority, we love to make food, love to cook food and we love to serve food. We are indeed made for food! :p

But Indian women are bound to all the house hold chores which they need to do themselves, this makes it harder for them to do things effectively and more productively. Specially when your country have the largest cuisine of dishes in the world and every one in the family wishes for a different food in their plate.



Indian kitchen cooking includes a wide assortment of local, regional and conventional foods local to Indian public. Indian nourishment is likewise vigorously affected by religious and social decisions and conventions. There has additionally been Middle Eastern and Central Asian impact on North Indian cooking from the years of Mughal run the show. While south have a variety in rice dishes originating from the tribes. Indian cooking has been is as yet developing, as a consequence of the country’s social collaborations with different social orders.Where it becomes even more difficult to prepare the food for different occasions.

As far as mixer grinders are popular, Food processor India are not so common in the below middle class families but is making its place in the kitchen of the middle classes in Indian Society. There are plenty of the food processors available in the market but most of the masses don’t pay any attention towards them as they believe in cooking manually. And as a matter of fact they are unaware of the benefits of these food processors. They can slice, chop, mix, cut, juice, or make dough. It can effectively reduce the work load of all the Indian women and make them relax while they watch their favorite serials after finishing the regular chores.

Gynecomastia, also known as man boobs, can be a real embarrassment to people who are dealing with them. Not only are they large and unsightly, but they can be embarrassing and hard to deal with as well. Luckily, you do not have to live with man boobs if you don’t want to. In fact, there are many different ways you can get rid of the extra pounds on your chest. Here are some tips on how to get rid of man boobs that you can try:

Adjusting your diet

Believe it or not, the food you eat will affect your body. This is why it is crucial to get the right type of food into your body, and have your body break it down efficiently. Eating food high in fat and carbohydrates when you do nothing but sit on the couch all day will not help you. Instead, you need to eat a diet that is low in GI

(glycemic index)

There are several different foods out there, check out one of the many diets and find the one that works for you!
Get exercising! Exercise is a fundamental component to helping you get rid of man boobs. Well, luckily for you there are plenty of great activities that reduce the appearance of man boobs. Cardio aerobic exercises will be the key here. Also do some strength training like pushups, bench press, and dumbbell flies.

Natural supplements

Using natural supplements has long been a way to solve problems on our bodies. The supplements cost a different amount of money, depending on which one you end up buying and where you purchase it. It does pay to shop around, but make sure you research which one is the right one for you before purchasing.
Drug treatments. For people who have appalling cases of man boobs, there are ways that you can treat them using drug therapies. They are rarely used unless you have a very long history of man boobs or have an extremely severe case. Do not attempt to use them without

consulting your doctor beforehand!

Gynecomastias are curable. If you want to get rid of man boobs, I encourage you to look at The Chest Coach System, a guide that was written with the purpose of helping you lose your man boobs fast. You can learn the effective way to exercise and diet with step-by-step instructions in The Chest Coach System. If you find this article helpful, I am sure you will learn a lot more about the Chest Coach System.

Memories Eternally!

Everyone with a good phone is a photographer now. It requires a particular type of abilities to get the memories for two people. Knowledge provides you with a low down

Sector summary
Now, when you visit weddings, you see an entourage follows groom and the bride, and many members of the entourage are photographers. The rationale? “The reason an investment is these pictures will be with us eternally. She needs another wedding just for the pictures!

It’s a time when professionals and children understand just what they need, plus they are not unwilling to budget a considerable sum of money for that. Weddings are not straightforward matters where your parents phoned a routine photographer to check whether he was accessible, and that was it. The minutes are being recorded. Photographers add their touches to every picture and consult with the bride and the bridegroom at length to comprehend their needs and desires from your photo shoot.

Frequently, shoots are conducted with the wedding couple in popular locales so your pictures can tell a narrative. And why this area has gotten extremely popular that’s, and wedding photographers are in demand.

Wedding Picture

Some believe this can be a self-learn artwork, with a man learning something new. Others believe it is not unimportant to take a class that is professional then keep building on everything through life and to create the basis of learning. With the way the world is needing shoots, may believe a class would help to develop a curriculum vitae but also to develop knowledge. Besides the fact which you must be well trained in the photography, besides, you should know the best way to get frames, what’s going to look great once it’s printed on paper and so forth.

Many photographers guide aspirants to try to find a program that is good. They propose that applicants should earn the diploma or a degree in photography, or at the minimum have enough expertise with the camera to match the ability up. The class will allow you to have a look at different facets including suitable lighting and modeling techniques, and coach you on about the gear that is suitable.

Are that you ought to begin working on a portfolio a special one and a general one, if possible. It’d help a photographer to find out more. Additionally, you need specific character characteristics which will assist you to become an improved photographer. Since you always have to work with various kinds of individuals, you must be a people person.

Some institutes offering classes in Delhi contain:

  • Dadar, mDPS School
  • Andheri, fX School
  • Gurgaon, Nikon School, holds several workshops in Mumbai
  • A pupil says
  • Pursuing her class, Shilpi Thadani

I was equipped as a young budding photographer with a digital SLR, but I found myself lacking in specific technicalities. A family friend who’s a media photographer offered some hints at an occasion to me, and I believed that was a better way! So while pursuing my graduation I registered for a class, and I will be picking up techniques that I ‘d have taken a very long time to master by myself.


I got into the class. Therefore, I keep asking my teachers to direct me since I was particularly considering Best Delhi Wedding Photography. I adore everything regarding weddings, and making an everyday second particular for the couple and capturing the minutes would get me feel truly happy. Even now, I dabble at the weddings of friends and relatives, that I wouldn’t typically create a hassle for anyone and I do it? I ask questions to learn and frequently befriend the photographers there, which likewise supplies a platform for networking to me.

Despite the fact that I could say I ‘ve some notion of shooting with a lens, I don’t have that’s what I’m seeking to learn from the expertise and my lessons, and the concept of setting. Now, I’m happy with the class, although I understand that I need certainly to keep learning all my life.

Marketplace and remuneration

If wedding photography can be your only goal, then take advantage of it, and you are going to need certainly to tap into the wedding season in India. Obviously there are one-off events in between but it is relied on by a professional photographer cannot.

The best part is that there’s lots of possible, for a variety of budget and on which suits you the finest you must test the waters. More weddings mean More promotion.

Forget not, shooting is barely half the work done, the processing may also take a while.

Additionally, if you should be working by yourself (as in you happen to be the chief photographer), you’ll be able to take only one duty daily, so you are going to need certainly to function nicely in putting yourself around the season. You must prepare for strenuous and stressful work during the season, to be for quite a long time on your feet.

Wedding Photographey

Whatever you need is social media promotions and an internet existence to popularize yourself, and then with your unique fashion, you will end up able to bring customers by yourself. 40,000.

An aspirant requests
Class 12 pupil, Hemal Shroff

I believe excellent graphics click so that I could pursue this hobby and I need my parents to buy the right camera for me. They request me to click pictures with my mobile and have blown off the thought! I don’t comprehend how this can be pursued by me as a subject if I don’t have co-operation at home. Please guide.

Our professional responses: You cannot be dismissive of your parents. You have never mentioned here the precise nature of the fire you’ve got for photography. A camera that is real costs everywhere upwards of Rs. 50,000 so I comprehend your parents’ understanding on spending such a tremendous sum for something a ‘hobby. that is ’ Maybe they do because photography is a different subject’s comprehend your earnestness.

I ‘d propose which you work hard with what you’ve (yes, you’ll be able to create amazing pictures with your mobile camera!) and create an internet portfolio on a website like Instagram. Along with that, attempt to get an internship. This will have two significant advantages. First, you will end up able to learn a lot of the man if you simply follow him. Your parents will undoubtedly be convinced that you will be severely interested in the subject, and they might have the capacity to give you a hand with the prices of the camera which you think you buy.

Japanese culture is steeped in tradition; this tradition is reflected in the preparation of their food. The Japanese have three meals a day, and with kitchen knives, Japanese cooks can create fabulous dishes for each of them. These chefs use different types of kitchen knives for different tasks. In Japan, during the 16th century, knife production began, and since then, it has yet to slow down. But the industry did not start with kitchen knives; Japanese manufacturers focused first on best chef knife.
Japanese kitchen knives are made of carbon steel material. For their kitchen knives, Japanese manufacturers do not use stainless steel, a trait that differentiates these knives from European knives, including Sabatier kitchen knives. The knife blades are laminated with three layers, and because of this, these knives are popular throughout the world for their sharpness and strength. Due to the high-quality of these kitchen knives, Japanese manufacturers do charge more, but the increased price is well worth it in the long run when the knives do not have to be replaced. And, when these knives are imported with other outside kitchen knives, discount kitchen stores may offer a few sets of older models.

Traditionally, Japanese kitchen knives are classified according to their make. Hoyanki kitchen knives are forged from high-carbon steel. These knives are very sharp and have a much longer lifespan than any other kitchen knives Japanese manufacturers produce. Skill is required both to make these knives and to use them; they can be easily damaged if used improperly. Kasumi knives are made from a mixture of materials, usually carbon steel and a softer iron metal. These two metals are mixed in the appropriate proportions to create the blades.


The deba bocho is a Japanese smart. These chef’s knives are slightly curved and pointed and are extremely sharp. These knives are used for cutting fish, but meat and pork can be cut as well. Like other kitchen knives, Japanese manufacturers offer deba bocho knives in various sizes depending on the task.

For cutting vegetables, Japanese cooks use the nakiri bocho knife. These knives have straight blades in comparison to the curved edge of the deba bocho knives. The blades are thinner as well; therefore, while these knives are wonderful for slicing through vegetables and fruit. They cannot be used with fish or other meats. Usuba boch knives are also used for cutting vegetables. These knives are considered professional vegetable knives, while nakiri bocho knives are standard vegetable knives. Menkiri bocho knives are used in the making of long, rectangular noodles. With their kitchen knives, Japanese cooks can perform any task; and thanks to the international market, their knives are helping chefs in every country succeed at the smallest, most difficult cooking jobs.

The Japanese employ countless other kitchen knives in their daily cooking tasks. There is something both beautiful and practical about these kitchen knives; Japanese manufacturers take a lot of pride in their craftsmanship. The world market offers no better knives; Canada, Europe, and even the United States cannot begin to compete. These are the best kitchen knives; Japanese cooks know it too.


All the people who are concerned about sports nutrition play particular attention towards whey protein. Protein plays a crucial role in the development of your muscles while providing minimum amounts of fats and carbs. However, all the people who are planning to spend their money on a whey protein should keep several important things in their minds. The whey protein you purchase should get digested quickly, and it should have the potential to provide all the nine essential amino acids to your body. If you are looking for such a whey protein, you can think of purchasing Whey Protein Isolate. Keep on reading this article to know more about the above-mentioned whey protein.

According to Gordy, they Whey Protein Isolate is one of the best high-quality supplements that you can see in the present world. It is equipped with easily digestible and bio-available features. The unique thing about this whey protein isolate is its high concentration of Branched Chain Amino Acids. It provides an enhanced muscle metabolism for the consumers. Therefore, it can be defined as a perfect supplement available for all the active individuals.

If you want to experience a quick boost in the amino acid levels in your body, you can think of consuming Whey Protein Isolate. For example, your body is in need of protein to rebuild the depleted muscle tissues after a workout. Consuming Whey Protein Isolate can cater that protein requirement in a convenient way.Whey Protein Infographic


What are the benefits of Whey Protein Isolate?

According to Whey Protein Isolate is equipped with a unique taste. People who have purchased this product have mentioned that its taste is similar to a distinct Vanilla flavor. However, you have the ability to mix it with many other juices and prepare your taste. Or else, you can simply mix it with milk. Another notable feature that you can find in this whey protein supplement is its mixing nature. It will get mixed with other liquids in a perfect way, and you will not be able to see any protein sticking on the side of the glass or shaker.

Whey Protein Isolate is marked at a high price when compared to other whey protein supplements available in the market. You just need to pay $50 for 5 lbs. For this price, you can get 36 full servings. Each serving comes with 25 grams of protein. Therefore, it is clear that this supplement also delivers a high amount of protein per serving when compared to other products available in the market. You don’t need to worry about the quality of this protein as it is 100% whey protein. Also, you will be receiving a considerable amount of amino acids. This product delivers the highest concentration of whey protein powder to the users. All the people who are looking to develop their muscles in an efficient way or looking for a high protein diet can, therefore, think of consuming Whey Protein Isolate.

Establishing a Relationship with Protein Powder

If you’ve started going to the gym and overhearing people talking about protein powder, you may have no clue what it is. However, it’s becoming a more attractive option to add to people’s diets; especially those who are trying to build muscle mass. They have other purposes as well and make it easy for anyone to get the recommended amount of protein they need each day in their diet.

What is Protein Powder?Whey Protein Isolate

Protein powder can be purchased in a variety of forms: soy, casein and whey protein are the most common. Whey protein powder is what most people refer to, and is a milk protein that is dissolved in water. It is considered to be a “complete protein,” meaning that it contains all nine of the amino acids that the body needs. Due to the ease of making a shake with this powder, it has become a convenient source for getting all of one’s high-quality protein without having to cook a thing. Though there are good sources of protein in lean meat, such as chicken and fish, protein powder can be taken with you on the go. That’s much less hassle than carrying a slab of steak around with you.

Other Uses of Protein Powder

Although they are mostly geared towards bodybuilders and people trying to put on weight, there are beneficial uses for other individuals as well. For example, during the puberty stage, teenagers require more protein to fully develop their growing bodies. Another example is the recovery after an injury. If there has been a torn muscle or ligament, ingesting ample amounts of protein will help the body to rebuild and heal the damage at a much faster rate, as it has more protein material to work with. Thirdly, protein powder is perfect for those who are interested in becoming vegan and want an easy way to maintain the protein in their diet. Eliminating meat from one’s diet can lead to nutritional problems. Protein powder provides everything a vegan could need to stay healthy with the removal of meat from their diet.

Protein Powder: Easy to Use

To get the most out of your protein powder, it’s recommended that you add it to a glass of chocolate milk. Although protein powder has been shown to help the body recover after a workout, the drain of energy has the body craving for carbohydrates: sugars, mostly. With a glass of chocolate milk and added protein powder, it’s considered to be the best “Recovery Shake” for a workout. Not only will it help your muscles recover more quickly, but you’ll have more energy after the recovery and won’t resort to craving for other forms of carbs.

Tips when Choosing the Best Protein Powder

Over the years, various supplements have been introduced for the purpose of improving one’s state of health and physical appearance. Among others, protein powder has captivated the attention of many because of its potential to help you add up extra pounds and turn such into muscle mass through proper training. More so, it is also helpful in being able to boost the immune system and to deliver a broad range of other health benefits. However, this will all depend on the one you will choose, which makes it recommendable to settle with nothing but the best protein powder. In the rest of this article, you will know some points to remember to end up choosing the right product and to enjoy the numerous protein benefits.

Healthy Protein Powder: Determine the Type of Protein for your Needs

To make sure of being able to choose the best protein powder, one of the first things you should do is to determine the type best for your needs and preferences. In this case, you will have four choices: whey, casein, soy, and rice. Your best bet will often be whey protein, which can be digested faster by the body. Casein protein, on the other hand, absorbs in a much slower phase, and hence, the nutrients are also released slowly. If you are a vegetarian, the best choice for you will be soy and rice protein.

Top Protein Powder: Decide on Cost

Like in buying anything else, purchasing top protein powder will also require the need for you to be mindful of price. One suggestion is for you to buy the smallest size available first, especially if you are a beginner in taking such. This will also allow you to spend a minimal amount while having the opportunity first to test on whether or not it will be best for you. To thoroughly enjoy protein benefits, you do not necessarily have to spend too much. Just carefully research about each alternative in the product category and choose one with the perfect balance between price and quality.

Best Protein Powder: Consider the Flavorings and Sweeteners

Those who are buying good protein powder for the first time may not be mindful about the flavorings and sweeteners used, but this will be critical. Usually, there will be three variants of the best protein powders available: no sweeteners or flavors, having artificial flavoring or sweeteners and having natural; sweeteners or additives. Your choice will depend on your preferences as the flavor will have no significant impact on the protein benefits of the product but will just affect its taste. In line with this, you also need to consider the enhancements used to increase its nutritional value. An attractive improvement would be lecithin, which is known for the cardiovascular benefits and ability to enhance memory